MOAB: Mesh Oriented datABase  (version 5.2.1)
GenLargeMesh.cpp

Create a large structured mesh, partitioned

It shows how to create a mesh on the fly, on multiple processors Each processor will create its version of a block mesh, partitioned as AxBxC blocks. Each block will be with blockSize^3 hexahedrons, and will get a different PARALLEL_PARTITION tag

The number of tasks will be MxNxK, and it must match the mpi size Each task p will generate its mesh at location (m,n,k), and it is lexicographic ordering: rank = m + n * M + k * M * N

By default M=1, N=1, K=1, so by default it should be launched on 1 proc By default, blockSize is 4, and A=2, B=2, C=2, so each task will generate locally blockSize^3 x A x B x C hexahedrons (value = 64x8 = 512 hexas, in 8 partitions) (if -t, multiple by 6 for total number of cells/tets) The total number of partitions will be A*B*C*M*N*K (default 8)

Each part in partition will get a proper tag, and the numbering is in lexicographic ordering; x direction varies first, then y, then z. The same principle is used for global id numbering of the nodes and cells. (x varies first)

The vertices will get a proper global id, which will be used to resolve the shared entities The output will be written in parallel, and we will try sizes as big as we can (up to a billion vertices, because we use int for global ids)

Within each partition, the hexas entity handles will be contiguous, and also the vertices; The global id will be determined easily, for a vertex, but the entity handle space will be more interesting to handle, within a partition (we want contiguous handles within a partition). After merging the vertices, some fragmentation will occur in the vertices handle space, within each partition.

To run: ./GenLargeMesh

When launched on more procs, you have to make sure num procs = M*N*K

So you can launch with mpiexec -np 8 ./GenLargeMesh -M 2 -N 2 -K 2

We also added -q option; it works now only for hexa mesh, it will generate quadratic hex27 elements

-t option will generate tetrahedrons instead of hexahedra. Each hexahedra is decomposed into 6 tetrahedrons.

-f option will also generate all edges and faces in the model. -w will use a newer merging method locally. Merging is necessary to merge vertices on the local task, and the new method does not use a searching tree, but rather the global id set on the vertices in a consistent manner

-d and -i options can be used to add some artificial tags on the model; you can have multiple -d and -i options; -i <tag_name> will set an integer tag with name tag_name on the vertices; -d < tag_name2> will generate double tags on cells (3d elements). You can have multiple tags, like -i tag1 -i tag2 -i tag3 -d tag4

-x, -y, -z options will control the geometric dimensions of the final mesh, in x, y and z directions.

-o <out_file> controls the name of the output file; it needs to have extension h5m, because the file is written in parallel.

-k will keep the edges and faces that are generated as part of resolving shared entities (by default these edges and faces are removed); when -f option is used, the -k option is enabled too (so no faces and edges are deleted)

/** @example GenLargeMesh.cpp \n
 * \brief Create a large structured mesh, partitioned \n
 *
 *  It shows how to create a mesh on the fly, on multiple processors
 *  Each processor will create its version of a block mesh, partitioned
 *  as AxBxC blocks. Each block will be with blockSize^3 hexahedrons, and
 *  will get a different PARALLEL_PARTITION tag
 *
 *  The number of tasks will be MxNxK, and it must match the mpi size
 *  Each task p will generate its mesh at location (m,n,k), and it is
 *  lexicographic ordering: rank = m + n * M + k * M * N
 *
 *  By default M=1, N=1, K=1, so by default it should be launched on 1 proc
 *  By default, blockSize is 4, and A=2, B=2, C=2, so each task will generate locally
 *  blockSize^3 x A x B x C hexahedrons (value = 64x8 = 512 hexas, in 8 partitions)
 *  (if -t, multiple by 6 for total number of cells/tets)
 *  The total number of partitions will be A*B*C*M*N*K (default 8)
 *
 *  Each part in partition will get a proper tag, and the numbering is in
 *  lexicographic ordering; x direction varies first, then y, then z.
 *  The same principle is used for global id numbering of the nodes and cells.
 *  (x varies first)
 *
 *  The vertices will get a proper global id, which will be used to resolve the
 *  shared entities
 *  The output will be written in parallel, and we will try sizes as big as we can
 *  (up to a billion vertices, because we use int for global ids)
 *
 *  Within each partition, the hexas entity handles will be contiguous, and also the
 *  vertices; The global id will be determined easily, for a vertex, but the entity
 *  handle space will be more interesting to handle, within a partition (we want
 *  contiguous handles within a partition). After merging the vertices, some fragmentation
 *  will occur in the vertices handle space, within each partition.
 *
 *  To run: ./GenLargeMesh
 *
 *  When launched on more procs, you have to make sure
 *  num procs = M*N*K
 *
 *  So you can launch with
 *  mpiexec -np 8 ./GenLargeMesh -M 2 -N 2 -K 2
 *
 *  We also added -q option; it works now only for hexa mesh, it will generate
 *  quadratic hex27 elements
 *
 *  -t option will generate tetrahedrons instead of hexahedra. Each hexahedra is
 *  decomposed into 6 tetrahedrons.
 *
 *  -f option will also generate all edges and faces in the model.
 *  -w will use a newer merging method locally. Merging is necessary to merge
 *  vertices on the local task, and the new method does not use a searching tree,
 *  but rather the global id set on the vertices in a consistent manner
 *
 *  -d and -i options can be used to add some artificial tags on the model;
 *  you can have multiple -d and -i options; -i <tag_name> will set an integer
 *  tag with name tag_name on the vertices; -d < tag_name2> will generate
 *  double tags on cells (3d elements). You can have multiple tags, like
 *  -i tag1 -i tag2 -i tag3 -d tag4
 *
 *  -x, -y, -z options will control the geometric dimensions of the final mesh, in
 *  x, y and z directions.
 *
 *  -o <out_file> controls the name of the output file; it needs to have extension h5m,
 *  because the file is written in parallel.
 *
 *  -k will keep the edges and faces that are generated as part of resolving shared entities
 *  (by default these edges and faces are removed); when -f option is used, the -k option is
 *  enabled too (so no faces and edges are deleted)
 *
 */

#include "moab/Core.hpp"
#include "moab/ProgOptions.hpp"
#include "moab/MeshGeneration.hpp"
#ifdef MOAB_HAVE_MPI
#include "moab/ParallelComm.hpp"
#include "MBParallelConventions.h"
#endif

#include <time.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>

using namespace moab;
using namespace std;

int main( int argc, char** argv )
{

    bool nosave = false;

#ifdef MOAB_HAVE_MPI
    MPI_Init( &argc, &argv );
#endif
    MeshGeneration::BrickOpts bopts;
    // default options
    bopts.A = bopts.B = bopts.C = 2;
    bopts.M = bopts.N = bopts.K = 1;
    bopts.blockSize             = 4;
    bopts.xsize = bopts.ysize = bopts.zsize = 1.;
    bopts.ui                                = CartVect( 1., 0, 0. );
    bopts.uj                                = CartVect( 0., 1., 0. );
    bopts.uk                                = CartVect( 0., 0., 1. );
    bopts.newMergeMethod = bopts.quadratic = bopts.keep_skins = bopts.tetra = false;
    bopts.adjEnts = bopts.parmerge = false;
    bopts.GL                       = 0;

    ProgOptions opts;

    opts.addOpt< int >( string( "blockSize,b" ), string( "Block size of mesh (default=4)" ), &bopts.blockSize );
    opts.addOpt< int >( string( "xproc,M" ), string( "Number of processors in x dir (default=1)" ), &bopts.M );
    opts.addOpt< int >( string( "yproc,N" ), string( "Number of processors in y dir (default=1)" ), &bopts.N );
    opts.addOpt< int >( string( "zproc,K" ), string( "Number of processors in z dir (default=1)" ), &bopts.K );

    opts.addOpt< int >( string( "xblocks,A" ), string( "Number of blocks on a task in x dir (default=2)" ), &bopts.A );
    opts.addOpt< int >( string( "yblocks,B" ), string( "Number of blocks on a task in y dir (default=2)" ), &bopts.B );
    opts.addOpt< int >( string( "zblocks,C" ), string( "Number of blocks on a task in x dir (default=2)" ), &bopts.C );

    opts.addOpt< double >( string( "xsize,x" ), string( "Total size in x direction (default=1.)" ), &bopts.xsize );
    opts.addOpt< double >( string( "ysize,y" ), string( "Total size in y direction (default=1.)" ), &bopts.ysize );
    opts.addOpt< double >( string( "zsize,z" ), string( "Total size in z direction (default=1.)" ), &bopts.zsize );

    opts.addOpt< void >( "newMerge,w", "use new merging method", &bopts.newMergeMethod );

    opts.addOpt< void >( "quadratic,q", "use hex 27 elements", &bopts.quadratic );

    opts.addOpt< void >( "keep_skins,k", "keep skins with shared entities", &bopts.keep_skins );

    opts.addOpt< void >( "tetrahedrons,t", "generate tetrahedrons", &bopts.tetra );

    opts.addOpt< void >( "faces_edges,f", "create all faces and edges", &bopts.adjEnts );

    opts.addOpt< int >( string( "ghost_layers,g" ), string( "Number of ghost layers (default=0)" ), &bopts.GL );

    vector< string > intTagNames;
    string firstIntTag;
    opts.addOpt< string >( "int_tag_vert,i", "add integer tag on vertices", &firstIntTag );

    vector< string > doubleTagNames;
    string firstDoubleTag;
    opts.addOpt< string >( "double_tag_cell,d", "add double tag on cells", &firstDoubleTag );

    string outFileName = "GenLargeMesh.h5m";
    opts.addOpt< string >( "outFile,o", "Specify the output file name string (default GenLargeMesh.h5m)",
                           &outFileName );

#ifdef MOAB_HAVE_HDF5_PARALLEL
    bool readb = false;
    opts.addOpt< void >( "readback,r", "read back the generated mesh", &readb );

    bool readAndGhost = false;
    opts.addOpt< void >( "readAndGhost,G", "read back the generated mesh and ghost one layer", &readAndGhost );
#endif

    opts.addOpt< void >( "parallel_merge,p", "use parallel mesh merge, not vertex ID based merge", &bopts.parmerge );

    opts.addOpt< void >( "no_save,n", "do not save the file", &nosave );

    opts.parseCommandLine( argc, argv );

    opts.getOptAllArgs( "int_tag_vert,i", intTagNames );
    opts.getOptAllArgs( "double_tag_cell,d", doubleTagNames );

    if( bopts.adjEnts ) bopts.keep_skins = true;  // Do not delete anything

    Interface* mb = new( std::nothrow ) Core;
    if( NULL == mb )
    {
#ifdef MOAB_HAVE_MPI
        MPI_Finalize();
#endif
        return 1;
    }

    int rank = 0, size = 1;

#ifdef MOAB_HAVE_MPI
    MPI_Comm_rank( MPI_COMM_WORLD, &rank );
    MPI_Comm_size( MPI_COMM_WORLD, &size );
#endif

    EntityHandle fileset;
    ErrorCode rval = mb->create_meshset( MESHSET_SET, fileset );MB_CHK_ERR( rval );
#ifdef MOAB_HAVE_MPI
    ParallelComm* pc     = new ParallelComm( mb, MPI_COMM_WORLD );
    MeshGeneration* mgen = new MeshGeneration( mb, pc, fileset );
#else
    MeshGeneration* mgen = new MeshGeneration( mb, 0, fileset );
#endif

    clock_t tt = clock();

    rval = mgen->BrickInstance( bopts );MB_CHK_ERR( rval );

    Range all3dcells;
    rval = mb->get_entities_by_dimension( fileset, 3, all3dcells );MB_CHK_ERR( rval );

    if( 0 == rank )
    {
        cout << "generate local mesh: " << ( clock() - tt ) / (double)CLOCKS_PER_SEC << " seconds" << endl;
        tt = clock();
        cout << "number of elements on rank 0: " << all3dcells.size() << endl;
        cout << "Total number of elements " << all3dcells.size() * size << endl;
        cout << "Element type: " << ( bopts.tetra ? "MBTET" : "MBHEX" )
             << " order:" << ( bopts.quadratic ? "quadratic" : "linear" ) << endl;
    }
    Range verts;
    rval = mb->get_entities_by_dimension( 0, 0, verts );MB_CHK_SET_ERR( rval, "Can't get all vertices" );

    if( !nosave )
    {
#ifdef MOAB_HAVE_HDF5_PARALLEL
        rval = mb->write_file( outFileName.c_str(), 0, ";;PARALLEL=WRITE_PART;CPUTIME;", &fileset, 1 );MB_CHK_SET_ERR( rval, "Can't write in parallel" );
#else
        // should be a vtk file, actually, maybe make sure of that
        rval = mb->write_file( outFileName.c_str(), 0, "", &fileset, 1 );MB_CHK_SET_ERR( rval, "Can't write in serial" );
#endif
        if( 0 == rank )
        {
            cout << "write file " << outFileName << " in " << ( clock() - tt ) / (double)CLOCKS_PER_SEC << " seconds"
                 << endl;
            tt = clock();
        }
    }
    // delete the mesh that we already have in-memory
    size_t nLocalVerts = verts.size();
    size_t nLocalCells = all3dcells.size();

    mb->delete_mesh();

#ifdef MOAB_HAVE_HDF5_PARALLEL
    if( !nosave && readb )
    {
        // now recreate a core instance and load the file we just wrote out to verify
        Core mb2;
        std::string read_opts( "PARALLEL=READ_PART;PARTITION=PARALLEL_PARTITION;PARALLEL_RESOLVE_"
                               "SHARED_ENTS;CPUTIME;" );
        if( readAndGhost ) read_opts += "PARALLEL_GHOSTS=3.0.1;";
        rval = mb2.load_file( outFileName.c_str(), 0, read_opts.c_str() );MB_CHK_SET_ERR( rval, "Can't read in parallel" );
        if( 0 == rank )
        {
            cout << "read back file " << outFileName << " with options: \n"
                 << read_opts << " in " << ( clock() - tt ) / (double)CLOCKS_PER_SEC << " seconds" << endl;
            tt = clock();
        }
        moab::Range nverts, ncells;
        rval = mb2.get_entities_by_dimension( 0, 0, nverts );MB_CHK_SET_ERR( rval, "Can't get all vertices" );
        rval = mb2.get_entities_by_dimension( 0, 3, ncells );MB_CHK_SET_ERR( rval, "Can't get all 3d cells elements" );

        if( readAndGhost && size > 1 )
        {
            // filter out the ghost nodes and elements, for comparison with original mesh
            // first get the parallel comm
            ParallelComm* pcomm2 = ParallelComm::get_pcomm( &mb2, 0 );
            if( NULL == pcomm2 ) MB_SET_ERR( MB_FAILURE, "can't get parallel comm." );
            rval = pcomm2->filter_pstatus( nverts, PSTATUS_GHOST, PSTATUS_NOT );MB_CHK_SET_ERR( rval, "Can't filter ghost vertices" );
            rval = pcomm2->filter_pstatus( ncells, PSTATUS_GHOST, PSTATUS_NOT );MB_CHK_SET_ERR( rval, "Can't filter ghost cells" );
        }
        if( nverts.size() != nLocalVerts && ncells.size() != nLocalCells )
        { MB_SET_ERR( MB_FAILURE, "Reading back the output file led to inconsistent number of entities." ); }

        // delete the mesh that we already have in-memory
        mb2.delete_mesh();
    }
#endif

#ifdef MOAB_HAVE_MPI
    MPI_Finalize();
#endif
    return 0;
}
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